%ent-isopub; %ent-isonum; %ent-isolat2; %ent-isobox; %ent-isotech; %ent-isoamsa; %ent-isoamso; ]> PC-Multilingual-850+euro
xyzzy

IBM codepage 858

Contents Tables External
Introduction  IBM00858  Home
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top   Introduction

The official name of IBM codepage 850 after adding the EUR (euro) currency symbol as hex. D5 (dec. 213) is IBM00858 (858) aka PC-Multilingual-850+euro. Unfortunately old OS/2 browsers like WebExplorer v1.1, Netscape 2.02, and Netscape 4.61 don't support the complete glyph set in these codepages. Lynx 2.8.5 has almost no problems. Sorry, please use a display mode with at least 100 columns to view this document with Lynx.

Only WebExplorer knows ' (apostrophe), and this symbolic character reference entity was omitted in the first edition of XHTML 1.0. The second edition (2002) proposes to use the decimal reference ', and this works even with old Netscape versions. Old Netscape versions unlike WebExplorer also don't support ← (left arrow), → (right arrow), and ↑ (up arrow). Some symbolic references like ↕ (vertical arrow) are not yet defined for XHTML.

A similar problem is  , WebExplorer and Netscape 2.02 often handle this reference incorrectly, for more predictable results use  . WebExplorer displays ™ as (TM), but Netscape 4.61 supports only the decimal ™. This is also true for several other references incl. • (bullet •) and ƒ (florin resp. function of ƒ), but at least € is supported by Netscape 4.61.

Please note that old browsers don't support hex. references like €. Decimal references like € are much better, because even if the browser has no idea what to do it displays only ? (question mark) and not the complete undecoded hex. reference.

Netscape 2.02 displays &ltrif; (left-pointing triangle, filled) as &lt;rif; (<rif;). This and some other symbolic character references shown below are stolen from various ISO subsets of MathML. Lynx 2.8.5 supports some "old" Unicode characters like &#x25A0; (black square) instead of the similar &#x25AA; (black small square) to represent PC-Multilingual-850+euro character 254 (FEh).

Many programs support only subsets of Unicode, and Lynx 2.8.5 handles this problem rather well. However MathML introduced a symbolic character reference entity &squf; for the black small square &#x25AA;, therefore new programs forced to support only subsets of Unicode will probably include &squf; instead of the "old" black square &#x25A0;. Seven ambiguous "old" vs. MathML cases are highlighted as links in the following table (0Fh, 10h, 11h, 16h, 1Eh, 1Fh, and FEh).

An old version of this page included &#x220E; (end of proof) as third potential Unicode character to represent PC-Multilingual-850+euro character 254 (FEh). Unfortunately I don't find the ISO reference mentioning this character as &qed; anymore, maybe this was only in an expired draft. MathML 2.0 has no symbolic character reference entity for &#x220E; (end of proof), I only found a TeX character name qed in one of the MathML tables, which is &#x25AE; (&marker;, black vertical rectangle). In the final Unicode 4.0 names list &#x25AE; and &#x220E; are cross-referenced.

Men at work..
MicroSoft                  IBM
1A 0x001A SUBstitute       1A 0x001C File Separator
1C 0x001C File Separator   1C 0x007F DELete
7F 0x007F DELete           7F 0x001A SUBstitute

ftp://ftp.unicode.org/Public/MAPPINGS/VENDORS/MISC/IBMGRAPH.TXT
ftp://ftp.unicode.org/Public/MAPPINGS/VENDORS/IBM/README.TXT

top   Entity names shown as links are not (yet) defined for XHTML. CP858 codes shown as links are approximations..

PC-Multilingual-850+euro
hex dec Unicode symbolic ? decimal ? ISO 10646 Character Name
00h 000 &#x2423; &blank; ° &#9251; ° OPEN BOX
01h 001 &#x263A;  n/a   &#9786; ° WHITE SMILING FACE
02h 002 &#x263B;  n/a   &#9787; ° BLACK SMILING FACE
03h 003 &#x2665; &hearts; ° &#9829; ° BLACK HEART SUITE
04h 004 &#x2666; &diams; ° &#9830; ° BLACK DIAMOND SUITE
05h 005 &#x2663; &clubs; ° &#9827; ° BLACK CLUB SUITE
06h 006 &#x2660; &spades; ° &#9824; ° BLACK SPADE SUITE
07h 007 &#x2022; &bull; ° &#8226; ª BULLET
08h 008 &#x25D8;  n/a   &#9688; ° INVERSE BULLET
09h 009 &#x25CB; &cir; ° &#9675; ° WHITE CIRCLE
0Ah 010 &#x25D9;  n/a   &#9689; ° INVERSE WHITE CIRCLE
0Bh 011 &#x2642; &male; ° &#9794; ° MALE SIGN
0Ch 012 &#x2640; &female; ° &#9792; ° FEMALE SIGN
0Dh 013 &#x266A; &sung; ° &#9834; ° EIGTH NOTE
0Eh 014 &#x266B;  n/a   &#9835; ° BEAMED EIGTH NOTES
0Fh 015 &#x263C;  n/a   &#9788; ° WHITE SUN WITH RAYS
0Fh 015 &#x2736; &sext; ° &#10038; ° SIX POINTED BLACK STAR
10h 016 &#x25B8; &rtrif; ° &#9656; ° BLACK RIGHT-POINTING SMALL TRIANGLE
10h 016 &#x25BA;  n/a   &#9658; ° BLACK RIGHT-POINTING POINTER
11h 017 &#x25C2; &ltrif; ° &#9666; ° BLACK LEFT-POINTING SMALL TRIANGLE
11h 017 &#x25C4;  n/a   &#9668; ° BLACK LEFT-POINTING POINTER
12h 018 &#x2195; &varr; ° &#8597; ° UP DOWN ARROW
13h 019 &#x203C;  n/a   &#8252; ° DOUBLE EXCLAMATION MARK
14h 020 &#x00B6; &para; ³ &#182; ³ PILCROW SIGN
15h 021 &#x00A7; &sect; ³ § &#167; ³ § SECTION SIGN
16h 022 &#x25AC;  n/a   &#9644; ° BLACK RECTANGLE
16h 022 &#x2043; &hybull; ° &#8259; ° HYPHEN BULLET
17h 023 &#x21A8;  n/a   &#8616; ° UP DOWN ARROW WITH BASE
18h 024 &#x2191; &uarr; ¹ &#8593; ° UPWARDS ARROW
19h 025 &#x2193; &darr; ° &#8595; ° DOWNWARDS ARROW
1Ah 026 &#x2192; &rarr; ¹ &#8594; ° RIGHTWARDS ARROW
1Bh 027 &#x2190; &larr; ¹ &#8592; ° LEFTWARDS ARROW
1Ch 028 &#x221F; &angrt; ° &#8735; ° RIGHT ANGLE
1Dh 029 &#x2194; &harr; ° &#8596; ° LEFT RIGHT ARROW
1Eh 030 &#x25B2;  n/a   &#9650; ° BLACK UP-POINTING TRIANGLE
1Eh 030 &#x25B4; &utrif; ° &#9652; ° BLACK UP-POINTING SMALL TRIANGLE
1Fh 031 &#x25BC;  n/a   &#9660; ° BLACK DOWN-POINTING TRIANGLE
1Fh 031 &#x25BE; &dtrif; ° &#9662; ° BLACK DOWN-POINTING SMALL TRIANGLE
22h 034 &#x0022; &quot; ³ " &#34; ³ " QUOTATION MARK
26h 038 &#x0026; &amp; ³ & &#38; ³ & AMPERSAND
27h 039 &#x0027; &apos; ¹ ' &#39; ³ ' APOSTROPHE
3Ch 060 &#x003C; &lt; ³ < &#60; ³ < LESS-THAN SIGN
3Eh 062 &#x003E; &gt; ³ > &#62; ³ > GREATER-THAN SIGN
7Fh 127 &#x2302;  n/a   &#8962; ° HOUSE
80h 128 &#x00C7; &Ccedil; ³ Ç &#199; ³ Ç LATIN CAPITAL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA
81h 129 &#x00FC; &uuml; ³ ü &#252; ³ ü LATIN SMALL LETTER U WITH DIAERESIS
82h 130 &#x00E9; &eacute; ³ é &#233; ³ é LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH ACUTE
83h 131 &#x00E2; &acirc; ³ â &#226; ³ â LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH CIRCUMFLEX
84h 132 &#x00E4; &auml; ³ ä &#228; ³ ä LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH DIAERESIS
85h 133 &#x00E0; &agrave; ³ à &#224; ³ à LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH GRAVE
86h 134 &#x00E5; &aring; ³ å &#229; ³ å LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
87h 135 &#x00E7; &ccedil; ³ ç &#231; ³ ç LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA
88h 136 &#x00EA; &ecirc; ³ ê &#234; ³ ê LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH CIRCUMFLEX
89h 137 &#x00EB; &euml; ³ ë &#235; ³ ë LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH DIAERESIS
8Ah 138 &#x00E8; &egrave; ³ è &#232; ³ è LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH GRAVE
8Bh 139 &#x00EF; &iuml; ³ ï &#239; ³ ï LATIN SMALL LETTER I WITH DIAERESIS
8Ch 140 &#x00EE; &icirc; ³ î &#238; ³ î LATIN SMALL LETTER I WITH CIRCUMFLEX
8Dh 141 &#x00EC; &igrave; ³ ì &#236; ³ ì LATIN SMALL LETTER I WITH GRAVE
8Eh 142 &#x00C4; &Auml; ³ Ä &#196; ³ Ä LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH DIAERESIS
8Fh 143 &#x00C5; &Aring; ³ Å &#197; ³ Å LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
90h 144 &#x00C9; &Eacute; ³ É &#201; ³ É LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E WITH ACUTE
91h 145 &#x00E6; &aelig; ³ æ &#230; ³ æ LATIN SMALL LETTER AE
92h 146 &#x00C6; &AElig; ³ Æ &#198; ³ Æ LATIN CAPITAL LETTER AE
93h 147 &#x00F4; &ocirc; ³ ô &#244; ³ ô LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH CIRCUMFLEX
94h 148 &#x00F6; &ouml; ³ ö &#246; ³ ö LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH DIAERESIS
95h 149 &#x00F2; &ograve; ³ ò &#242; ³ ò LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH GRAVE
96h 150 &#x00FB; &ucirc; ³ û &#251; ³ û LATIN SMALL LETTER U WITH CIRCUMFLEX
97h 151 &#x00F9; &ugrave; ³ ù &#249; ³ ù LATIN SMALL LETTER U WITH GRAVE
98h 152 &#x00FF; &yuml; ³ ÿ &#255; ³ ÿ LATIN SMALL LETTER Y WITH DIAERESIS
99h 153 &#x00D6; &Ouml; ³ Ö &#214; ³ Ö LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH DIAERESIS
9Ah 154 &#x00DC; &Uuml; ³ Ü &#220; ³ Ü LATIN CAPITAL LETTER U WITH DIAERESIS
9Bh 155 &#x00F8; &oslash; ³ ø &#248; ³ ø LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH STROKE
9Ch 156 &#x00A3; &pound; ³ £ &#163; ³ £ POUND SIGN
9Dh 157 &#x00D8; &Oslash; ³ Ø &#216; ³ Ø LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH STROKE
9Eh 158 &#x00D7; &times; ³ × &#215; ³ × MULTIPLICATION SIGN
9Fh 159 &#x0192; &fnof; ° ƒ &#402; ª ƒ LATIN SMALL LETTER F WITH HOOK
A0h 160 &#x00E1; &aacute; ³ á &#225; ³ á LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH ACUTE
A1h 161 &#x00ED; &iacute; ³ í &#237; ³ í LATIN SMALL LETTER I WITH ACUTE
A2h 162 &#x00F3; &oacute; ³ ó &#243; ³ ó LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH ACUTE
A3h 163 &#x00FA; &uacute; ³ ú &#250; ³ ú LATIN SMALL LETTER U WITH ACUTE
A4h 164 &#x00F1; &ntilde; ³ ñ &#241; ³ ñ LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH TILDE
A5h 165 &#x00D1; &Ntilde; ³ Ñ &#209; ³ Ñ LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH TILDE
A6h 166 &#x00AA; &ordf; ³ ª &#170; ³ ª FEMININE ORDINAL INDICATOR
A7h 167 &#x00BA; &ordm; ³ º &#186; ³ º MASCULINE ORDINAL INDICATOR
A8h 168 &#x00BF; &iquest; ³ ¿ &#191; ³ ¿ INVERTED QUESTION MARK
A9h 169 &#x00AE; &reg; ³ ®   &#174; ³ ® REGISTERED SIGN
AAh 170 &#x00AC; &not; ³ ¬ &#172; ³ ¬ NOT SIGN
ABh 171 &#x00BD; &frac12; ³ ½ &#189; ³ ½ VULGAR FRACTION ONE HALF
ACh 172 &#x00BC; &frac14; ³ ¼ &#188; ³ ¼ VULGAR FRACTION ONE QUARTER
ADh 173 &#x00A1; &iexcl; ³ ¡ &#161; ³ ¡ INVERTED EXCLAMATION MARK
AEh 174 &#x00AB; &laquo; ³ « &#171; ³ « LEFT-POINTING DOUBLE ANGLE quot. MARK
AFh 175 &#x00BB; &raquo; ³ » &#187; ³ » RIGHT-POINTING DOUBLE ANGLE quot. MARK
B0h 176 &#x2591; &blk14; ° &#9617; ° LIGHT SHADE
B1h 177 &#x2592; &blk12; ° &#9618; ° MEDIUM SHADE
B2h 178 &#x2593; &blk34; ° &#9619; ° DARK SHADE
B3h 179 &#x2502; &boxv; ° &#9474; ° BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL
B4h 180 &#x2524; &boxvl; ° &#9508; ° BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND LEFT
B5h 181 &#x00C1; &Aacute; ³ Á &#193; ³ Á LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH ACUTE
B6h 182 &#x00C2; &Acirc; ³ Â &#194; ³ Â LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH CIRCUMFLEX
B7h 183 &#x00C0; &Agrave; ³ À &#192; ³ À LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH GRAVE
B8h 184 &#x00A9; &copy; ³ © &#169; ³ © COPYRIGHT SIGN
B9h 185 &#x2563; &boxVL; ° &#9571; ° BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND LEFT
BAh 186 &#x2551; &boxV; ° &#9553; ° BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL
BBh 187 &#x2557; &boxDL; ° &#9559; ° BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND LEFT
BCh 188 &#x255D; &boxUL; ° &#9565; ° BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND LEFT
BDh 189 &#x00A2; &cent; ³ ¢ &#162; ³ ¢ CENT SIGN
BEh 190 &#x00A5; &yen; ³ ¥ &#165; ³ ¥ YEN SIGN
BFh 191 &#x2510; &boxdl; ° &#9488; ° BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND LEFT
C0h 192 &#x2514; &boxur; ° &#9492; ° BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND RIGHT
C1h 193 &#x2534; &boxhu; ° &#9524; ° BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND HORIZONTAL
C2h 194 &#x252C; &boxhd; ° &#9516; ° BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
C3h 195 &#x251C; &boxvr; ° &#9500; ° BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND RIGHT
C4h 196 &#x2500; &boxh; ° &#9472; ° BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT HORIZONTAL
C5h 197 &#x253C; &boxvh; ° &#9532; ° BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT vert. AND HORIZONTAL
C6h 198 &#x00E3; &atilde; ³ ã &#227; ³ ã LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH TILDE
C7h 199 &#x00C3; &Atilde; ³ Ã &#195; ³ Ã LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH TILDE
C8h 200 &#x255A; &boxUR; ° &#9562; ° BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND RIGHT
C9h 201 &#x2554; &boxDR; ° &#9556; ° BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND RIGHT
CAh 202 &#x2569; &boxHU; ° &#9577; ° BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND HORIZONTAL
CBh 203 &#x2566; &boxHD; ° &#9574; ° BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
CCh 204 &#x2560; &boxVR; ° &#9568; ° BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND RIGHT
CDh 205 &#x2550; &boxH; ° &#9552; ° BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE HORIZONTAL
CEh 206 &#x256C; &boxVH; ° &#9580; ° BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE vert. AND HORIZONTAL
CFh 207 &#x00A4; &curren; ³ ¤ &#164; ³ ¤ CURRENCY SIGN
D0h 208 &#x00F0; &eth; ³ ð &#240; ³ ð LATIN SMALL LETTER ETH
D1h 209 &#x00D0; &ETH; ³ Ð &#208; ³ Ð LATIN CAPITAL LETTER ETH
D2h 210 &#x00CA; &Ecirc; ³ Ê &#202; ³ Ê LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E WITH CIRCUMFLEX
D3h 211 &#x00CB; &Euml; ³ Ë &#203; ³ Ë LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E WITH DIAERESIS
D4h 212 &#x00C8; &Egrave; ³ È &#200; ³ È LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E WITH GRAVE
D5h 213 &#x20AC; &euro; ° &#8364; ª EURO SIGN
CP850: &#x0131; &imath; ° ı &#305; ° ı LATIN SMALL LETTER DOTLESS I
CP850: &#x0131; &inodot; ° ı &#305; ° ı LATIN SMALL LETTER DOTLESS I
D6h 214 &#x00CD; &Iacute; ³ Í &#205; ³ Í LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I WITH ACUTE
D7h 215 &#x00CE; &Icirc; ³ Î &#206; ³ Î LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I WITH CIRCUMFLEX
D8h 216 &#x00CF; &Iuml; ³ Ï &#207; ³ Ï LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I WITH DIAERESIS
D9h 217 &#x2518; &boxul; ° &#9496; ° BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND LEFT
DAh 218 &#x250C; &boxdr; ° &#9484; ° BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND RIGHT
DBh 219 &#x2588; &block; ° &#9608; ° FULL BLOCK
DCh 220 &#x2584; &lhblk; ° &#9604; ° LOWER HALF BLOCK
DDh 221 &#x00A6; &brvbar; ³ ¦ &#166; ³ ¦ BROKEN BAR
DEh 222 &#x00CC; &Igrave; ³ Ì &#204; ³ Ì LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I WITH GRAVE
DFh 223 &#x2580; &uhblk; ° &#9600; ° UPPER HALF BLOCK
E0h 224 &#x00D3; &Oacute; ³ Ó &#211; ³ Ó LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH ACUTE
E1h 225 &#x00DF; &szlig; ³ ß &#223; ³ ß LATIN SMALL LETTER SHARP S
E2h 226 &#x00D4; &Ocirc; ³ Ô &#212; ³ Ô LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH CIRCUMFLEX
E3h 227 &#x00D2; &Ograve; ³ Ò &#210; ³ Ò LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH GRAVE
E4h 228 &#x00F5; &otilde; ³ õ &#245; ³ õ LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH TILDE
E5h 229 &#x00D5; &Otilde; ³ Õ &#213; ³ Õ LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH TILDE
E6h 230 &#x00B5; &micro; ³ µ &#181; ³ µ MICRO SIGN
E7h 231 &#x00FE; &thorn; ³ þ &#254; ³ þ LATIN SMALL LETTER THORN
E8h 232 &#x00DE; &THORN; ³ Þ &#222; ³ Þ LATIN CAPITAL LETTER THORN
E9h 233 &#x00DA; &Uacute; ³ Ú &#218; ³ Ú LATIN CAPITAL LETTER U WITH ACUTE
EAh 234 &#x00DB; &Ucirc; ³ Û &#219; ³ Û LATIN CAPITAL LETTER U WITH CIRCUMFLEX
EBh 235 &#x00D9; &Ugrave; ³ Ù &#217; ³ Ù LATIN CAPITAL LETTER U WITH GRAVE
ECh 236 &#x00FD; &yacute; ³ ý &#253; ³ ý LATIN SMALL LETTER Y WITH ACUTE
EDh 237 &#x00DD; &Yacute; ³ Ý &#221; ³ Ý LATIN CAPITAL LETTER Y WITH ACUTE
EEh 238 &#x00AF; &macr; ² ¯ &#175; ³ ¯ MACRON
EFh 239 &#x00B4; &acute; ³ ´ &#180; ³ ´ ACUTE ACCENT
F0h 240 &#x00AD; &shy; ² ­ &#173; ³ ­ SOFT HYPHEN
F1h 241 &#x00B1; &plusmn; ³ ± &#177; ³ ± PLUS-MINUS SIGN
F2h 242 &#x2017;  n/a   &#8215; ° DOUBLE LOW LINE
F3h 243 &#x00BE; &frac34; ³ ¾ &#190; ³ ¾ VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS
F4h 244 &#x00B6; &para; ³ &#182; ³ PILCROW SIGN
F5h 245 &#x00A7; &sect; ³ § &#167; ³ § SECTION SIGN
F6h 246 &#x00F7; &divide; ³ ÷ &#247; ³ ÷ DIVISION SIGN
F7h 247 &#x00B8; &cedil; ³ ¸ &#184; ³ ¸ CEDILLA
F8h 248 &#x00B0; &deg; ³ ° &#176; ³ ° DEGREE SIGN
F9h 249 &#x00A8; &uml; ³ ¨ &#168; ³ ¨ DIAERESIS
FAh 250 &#x00B7; &middot; ³ · &#183; ³ · MIDDLE DOT
FBh 251 &#x00B9; &sup1; ³ ¹ &#185; ³ ¹ SUPERSCRIPT ONE
FCh 252 &#x00B3; &sup3; ³ ³ &#179; ³ ³ SUPERSCRIPT THREE
FDh 253 &#x00B2; &sup2; ³ ² &#178; ³ ² SUPERSCRIPT TWO
FEh 254 &#x25A0;  n/a   &#9632; ° BLACK SQUARE
FEh 254 &#x25AA; &squf; ° &#9642; ° BLACK SMALL SQUARE
FFh 255 &#x00A0; &nbsp; ¹ "  " &#160; ³   NO-BREAK SPACE
FFh 255 &#x00A0; &#160; ³ "  " (both rows shown as "xx")

legend ° not visible with any browser ? undecoded decimal entity
¹ visible with WebExplorer 1.1 ² visible with OS/2 Netscape 2.02
top ³ visible with all tested browsers ª visible with OS/2 Netscape 4.61

Codepage 1004 (Windows 1252) characters 128-159
CP1004 Unicode symbolic ? decimal ? ISO 10646 Character Name
80h &#x20AC; &euro; ª &#8364; ª EURO SIGN
82h &#x201A; &sbquo; ° &#8218; ª SINGLE LOW-9 QUOTATION MARK
83h &#x0192; &fnof; ° ƒ &#402; ª ƒ LATIN SMALL LETTER F WITH HOOK
84h &#x201E; &bdquo; ° &#8222; ª DOUBLE LOW-9 QUOTATION MARK
85h &#x2026; &hellip; ¹ &#8230; ª HORIZONTAL ELLIPSIS
86h &#x2020; &dagger; ° &#8224; ª DAGGER
87h &#x2021; &Dagger; ° &#8225; ª DOUBLE DAGGER
88h &#x02C6; &circ; ° ˆ &#710; ª ˆ MODIFIER LETTER CIRCUMFLEX ACCENT
89h &#x2030; &permil; ° &#8240; ª PER MILLE SIGN
8Ah &#x0160; &Scaron; ° Š &#352; ª Š LATIN CAPITAL LETTER S WITH CARON
8Bh &#x2039; &lsaquo; ° &#8249; ª SINGLE LEFT-POINTING ANGLE QUOTATION MARK
8Ch &#x0152; &OElig; ° Œ &#338; ª Œ LATIN CAPITAL LIGATURE OE
8Eh &#x017D; &Zcaron; ° Ž &#381; ª Ž LATIN CAPITAL LETTER Z WITH CARON
91h &#x2018; &lsquo; ¹ &#8216; ª LEFT SINGLE QUOTATION MARK
92h &#x2019; &rsquo; ¹ &#8217; ª RIGHT SINGLE QUOTATION MARK
93h &#x201C; &ldquo; ¹ &#8220; ª LEFT DOUBLE QUOTATION MARK
94h &#x201D; &rdquo; ¹ &#8221; ª RIGHT DOUBLE QUOTATION MARK
95h &#x2022; &bull; ° &#8226; ª BULLET
96h &#x2013; &ndash; ¹ &#8211; ª EN DASH
97h &#x2014; &mdash; ¹ &#8212; ª EM DASH
98h &#x02DC; &tilde; ¹ ˜ &#732; ª ˜ SMALL TILDE
99h &#x2122; &trade; ¹ &#8482; ª TRADE MARK SIGN
9Ah &#x0161; &scaron; ° š &#353; ª š LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH CARON
9Bh &#x203A; &rsaquo; ° &#8250; ª SINGLE RIGHT-POINTING ANGLE QUOTATION MARK
9Ch &#x0153; &oelig; ° œ &#339; ª œ LATIN SMALL LIGATURE OE
9Eh &#x017E; &zcaron; ° ž &#382; ª ž LATIN SMALL LETTER Z WITH CARON
9Fh &#x0178; &Yuml; ° Ÿ &#376; ª Ÿ LATIN CAPITAL LETTER Y WITH DIAERESIS

top   History

Men at work.. This is at least the fourth version of this page, but now I finally understood the huge difference between a decimal character reference entity like &#128; and the character 128 in documents with a charset which is not Unicode or one of its encodings and proper subsets. To put it simply, a numeric character reference entity is always Unicode (or Latin-1 in HTML 2, but Latin-1 is a proper subset of Unicode). Therefore &#128; is always a control character, and whatever some browsers do in this case is undefined. However the character (byte 80h, decimal 128) is the character at position 128 of the declared document charset, if this charset really has a single byte encoding. And because this page is now finally declared as windows-1252 instead of us-ascii the byte 128 resp. encoded character is an Euro, even if some browsers don't know how to handle this charset.

BTW, I've also found a weird way to use symbolic character reference entities defined for MathML 2.0 in a XHTML 1.0 transitional document, see the header of the source of this file. Valid XHTML, apparently.

top   References


W3 validator Last update: 8 Mar 2007 20:00 by F.Ellermann